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ɭԴ򾭼÷չеĵλо

ժҪ ʱIJϷչ, ɭԴ𽥳ΪһҪ򾭼÷չɭԴϵԽԽ, һɭԴ򾭼ÿɳչżĴٽ, һɭԴһ̶ϼ÷չٶȡڴ, ķЭ
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ժҪʱIJϷչ, ɭԴ𽥳ΪһҪ򾭼÷չɭԴϵԽԽ, һɭԴ򾭼ÿɳչżĴٽ, һɭԴһ̶ϼ÷չٶȡڴ, ķЭ򾭼÷չɭԴ봦Ĺϵ, ʵЭɭԴ򾭼÷չIJ

ؼɭԴ; ; 򾭼;

򾭼

չ๲ͬĿ, олĿչĿĶΪ˷չ, ʾԽԽ, ҹľ÷չŲҲڲϼӿ, Ǿ÷չȴ̬ìɭԴȷÿɳչҪ, õķչΪɭԴṩЧᱣϼ֧, ֮ܲɷֵĹϵ, عԱҪЭö֮Ĺϵ, Ŀǰڵз, ҽʵ, ֽ̽Ч, ɭԴ򾭼ȶЭչ

1 ɭԴ򾭼÷չеĵλ

׷ڵľ÷չɭԴɸӰ, ֻ׷ɳķչ, 򾭼÷չɭԴ໥Э໥ٽ[1]׷Ч÷չ, ȻϳֵЧǿٵ, , ɭԴӰȴش;һ׷ɭԴ, Ǿ÷չ, ᵼ򾭼÷չٶȹɴ˿ɼ, Эö֮Ĺϵ, ɭԴ򾭼÷չҪ, ֮Эʵ, ӳԶչǶ˼, ڱ֤չͬʱɭԴȿ

ձΪɭԴԶԶû򾭼÷չҪ, ɭԴһֿԴ, “ȡ֮֮”, ҲǵɭԴ⵽üҪԭǶԾ÷չĿ, ɭԴٶǶԴĿٶȲì, ̬򾭼õķչ϶[2]

ɭԴܹΪ򾭼÷չṩȻԴ, ľָƷȻ̬̼ľڽӹҵҪλ, ľҲǾӼճеҪԴ, ָƷҪˮʳ, ЩԴԵλòͨĵҪά, ɭԴֹܷˮʧֺ, žɳɴ˿ɼ, ɭԴԾЧĻŻӰ, ҶԵص̬Ҫ

2 Э򾭼÷չɭԴ봦Ĺϵ

ҹɭԴɱȽ϶Ԫ, ȻеľﶼɭԴһ, ЩԴȻĹɲ, 򾭼÷չĻԴͬʱ, ɭԴΪǵճṩ˻, ճҪͨо, ΪЭ򾭼÷չɭԴӦ¼

2.1 ÷չɭԴĹϵ

ɭԴһϾóԶչϵͳԹɭָɭԴɭԴص, ҹøٷչ, ̬ȴΪ÷չƷ, ȿΪձӳԶĽǶȿ, ⲻһϵе̬, һԾ÷չӰɭԴʵǾԴһ, Ա“Ч”“”ߵĹϵ̽, ׷󾭼÷չͬʱɭԴ޸, Ӧ뾭÷չͬʱ, ɭԴΪ÷չеһ, ö֮ЭĹϵ[3]

2.2 ڷչɭԴĹϵ

ڵľ÷չ볤Զľ÷չ໥ԼĹϵ, , ڵľ÷չȴdzھ÷չĻ, Ӷھ÷չͻɭԴھ÷չɸӰ, ӳھ÷չҲڵľ÷չٶɭԴȷÿɳչĻ, ɭԴص, , ɭԴӱ뾭÷չͬʵʳ, Ҫӵµľ÷չ, ҲҪdzԶľ÷չɭԴ

2.3 廷򾭼÷չĹϵ

廷Ƕ, 򾭼÷չٻ廷Ӱ, ӰԵ, ҲпǸ廷Ӱ򾭼÷չҪ, ܹ򾭼÷չٽ, ЭɭԴ򾭼÷չ֮Ĺϵش, ȷ÷չĹ, Ҫ廷Ϊ򾭼÷չһ, ö֮乹һг

3 ЭɭԴ򾭼÷չIJ

ȷᾭÿɳչǰ, ˼ɭԴ÷ʽ, ö֮໥ٽҪʽͨо, ҹʵ, ΪЭɭԴ򾭼÷չϵʵʲҪƽߵĹϵ, ӴͶƷɷȫϵ

3.1 ӴͶ

ӿ͹۽Ƕ, ɭԴһԵĹ, ֧ɭԴ򾭼÷չҪ, ҲŵҪְ֮һҪӶɭԴʽͶ, ӦɭԴͳ滮, ɭԴγһͶΪҪʽʽͶΪʽܹ, ܱɭԴͬʱ, ɭԴҲҪѭ“ɳչ”ԭ, Ҫúһչʵʹ, ҪȷĴ巽ߵĻ, طҲӦʵ᳹, “ɳչ”Ϊ, Թгֵн, ʵʹвƹģʽ, һϵͳɭԴϵ

3.2 Ʒɷ

ʶж, ҪƷɷǿĽǶ, Ϊǽõ˼ʶزҪý, ɭԴ, תʶ, Ӧķɷ, ı󾭼÷չĹжɭԴɶƻ, ԴɭԴЧλҪ, öԪĴ, γɱɭԴΧ, Ӷγɻ뾭÷չ۷Χ

3.3 ȫϵ

ɭԴܽɭԴĻ, ɭԴĹȿ½, ɭԴֲȵԽԽ, ɭԴ, ҪעǿɭԴ, ѧƵɭԴϵ, عԱҪĿǰɭԴп, ȫͳ, ַͨʽɭԴԱܹȫɭԴʵ״, ΪɭԴṩ֧, ɭԴŻı仯仯, , ҪЧ̬ɭԴ, ڵһʱɭԴе, ȷɭԴнǿ“ʱЧ”[4], ɭԴҲҪΧ“ѧ”ԭչӪ, Ӿ÷չĽǶȿɭԴ

4

÷չһֱ׷Ŀ, ǾõķչɭԴӰõɭԴ̬Ż÷չĻ, øٷչΪɭԴṩʱ, ΪƶȽṩɭԴ򾭼Эչ, ھ÷չͬʱȻ̬ĿǰɭԴٵ״, Э÷չԴĹϵ̲ݻ, ع߱㹻, ͨʵ, ̽صЧʩ

ο
[1].ɭԴ򾭼ЭչĹϵо[J].ʦ, 2018 (7) :160-161.
[2]˸.ɭԴ򾭼÷չĹЭԲ[J].ɫƼ, 2017 (21) :133-134.
[3]ź.dzɭԴ򾭼÷չĹϵ[J].ũҵƼϢ, 2016 (24) :13-14.

    .ɭԴ򾭼÷չĹϵо[J].Ƽ,2018(28):72-73. תעԴԭĵַ/html/zhlw/20181224/8048287.html

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